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Connect with us. It seems you have logged in as a Guest, We cannot execute this transaction. Stock Dividend Almost identical to bonus issues where additional shares in either the same or different stock is issued to shareholders of the underlying stock. The total value of the outstanding shares remains the same. Other Event Any event that does not fit any of the other descriptions. Return of Capital A cash amount will be paid to investors in combination with a nominal value change of the shares.
Mandatory Events with Options. Cash Stock Option. Shareholders are offered the choice to receive the dividend in cash or in additional new shares of the company at a discount to market. Reinvesting often carries a tax shield. Merger with Elections Merger of 2 or more companies into one new company. Shareholders of both companies are offered choices regarding the securities they receive Spin-off with elections A distribution of subsidiary stock to the shareholders of the parent corporation without having cost to the shareholder of the parent issue whereby the shareholders are offered choices regarding the resultant stock.
The approval is given by means of voting for or against each decision. Shareholders may attend the meeting in person or vote by proxy - electronically or by mail via their brokers and custodian. In this case however, the company first pays the cash dividend after which shareholders are offered the possibility to reinvest the cash dividend in new shares.
Dutch Auction A Dutch Auction Offer specifies a price range within which a fixed number of shares will ultimately be purchased. Shareholders are asked to submit instructions as to what price they are willing to sell. Once all instructions have been counted, the shares of the shareholders who voted to sell at the lowest prices will be bought untill either the fixed number of shares is reached or the upper limit of the price range is reached. Odd lot Tender In case shares are tradeable in so called board lots of for example shares only and a shareholder has an amount of shares that is not a multiple of the board lot, then this additional quantity is called odd lot.
An odd lot tender is an offer to shareholders with odd lots to sell the shares in the odd lot at a given price. So for example, if the board lot is and a shareholder holds shares, an odd lot tender will give the shareholder to dispose of 50 shares at a given price. The board lot of will still be tradable as normal. Rights Auction Rights to buy new shares are being auctioned - shareholders who submit the highest prices at which they are willing to buy new shares will get the new shares. All stockholders are entitled to receive the dividend payments, normally out of the corporation's current earnings or accumulated profits.
All dividends must be declared by the corporation's board of directors, and they are taxable as income to the recipients.
In most cases, your broker will send you — and the IRS — a combined statement which reports your dividend payments and other income distributions from stocks or mutual funds in a section labeled "DIV", but will not necessarily indicate if your dividends are qualified or not. It is up to you to examine carefully the many factors determining which of your dividends qualify as "capital gains" and should therefore receive the lower tax rate.
Dividends are still considered ordinary income and cannot be offset against net capital losses. They are reported on your Form , not on the Schedule D along with stock and option capital gains and losses, and so are not imported into or recorded in your TradeLog software. If the price of a company's stock is too high or too low, the liquidity of the stock suffers.
Stocks priced too high will not be affordable to all investors and stocks priced too low run the risk of being de-listed. Corporate actions such as stock splits or reverse stock splits increase or decrease the number of outstanding shares, resulting in a higher or lower stock price. When a corporation decides to execute a forward stock split , the number of outstanding shares will increase while the overall market value of the position will remain the same.
The number of shares you own in the company will increase but the value of each individual share will decrease. When a corporation executes a reverse stock split , the number of outstanding shares will decrease while the market value for each of those individual shares will increase. Regardless of the type of split executed, your equity in the stock will remain the same and no monetary gain or loss results from the stock split. However, your broker will generally adjust the number of shares held in your account and report this on your monthly statement but will not adjust the price "cost basis" of the original shares you purchased in their trade history reporting, monthly statements or tax reporting.
TradeLog has a simple Adjust for Stock Split function to help you account for this corporate action accurately - simply enter the ticker symbol of the security affected by the stock split, enter the ratio ex. This function will change the number of shares owned as well as the price of these shares, effectively changing the cost basis of each share while the total amount paid for all of your open shares remains the same. You may find Example of Stock Split Adjustment to be a helpful reference. Corporations re-structure in order to increase their profitability. Mergers are an example of a corporate action where two companies that are competitive or complementary unite into one newly named company.
This is often done to expand a company's reach, expand into new segments, gain market share and increase profitability. The common stock of Company B stops trading and its shareholders are given a cash payout instead. As TradeLog handles trade reconciliation and does not track cash transactions, you can handle the payout in one of two ways:. Your total cost basis for these new shares does not change, only the ticker and quantity of those shares will change.
Please see Adjusting for Mergers in our online user guide for step-by-step instructions for editing trades affected by a stock merger. Brokers generally do not make these adjustments in their trade history reporting but may include helpful notes regarding a merger on a client's monthly statement. Occasionally, a company that undergoes a merger also executes a stock split. These don't typically occur on a one-for-one basis. As in a stock split, the amount of the new company's shares received in exchange for your stake in Company A is represented by a ratio; for example "1-for- 2.
This type of corporate action will often result in extra "fractional" shares less than one full share being left over. Example: you own 10 shares of the new XYZ Corporation. XYZ undergoes a reverse stock split as a result of the stock merger. You will technically now own 3. If you execute a closing transaction sell for 3 shares of XYZ in your broker account, you are left with a balance of 0. If these fractional shares are causing trade matching issues such as "negative share errors" more shares closed than were previously opened or false "open positions" as shown above, a TradeLog user will need to adjust the cost basis of the opening transaction buy for the whole shares and then delete the remaining fractional shares.
Please see Manually Editing Fractional Shares for more details. Alternatively, the corporation may decide to pay the stockholders "cash in lieu" of fractional shares resulting from a corporate action. TradeLog does not handle cash transactions but you can either adjust the cost basis of the opening transaction buy to include the cash you received or attach a simple statement to your tax return stating that TradeLog does not handle cash transactions and note the transactions causing the difference in cost basis or gross proceeds. A parent company may create an independent company through the sale or distribution of new shares of an existing business or division of the company.
This is often done to streamline operations or sell off less productive subsidiary businesses.
Surviving the Tax Season - The What, Why and How of Corporate Actions
For example, a company might spin off one of its businesses experiencing little or no growth so it can focus on a product or service with better potential. The spun-off companies are expected to be worth more as independent entities than as parts of a larger business.
It can also offer its existing shareholders a discount to exchange their shares in the parent company for shares of the spin-off. Spin-offs tend to increase returns for shareholders because the newly independent companies can better focus on their specific products or services. Both the parent and the spin-off tend to perform better as a result of the spinoff transaction, with the spin-off being the greater performer. As no money changes hands, the spin-off distribution is generally a non-taxable event.
As brokers vary widely as to how they report spin-offs on their statements, TradeLog does not automate the importing of these spin-off transactions but allows the user to determine how best to account for the new stock. You may need to enter a new transaction in TradeLog for the stock you received - see Adjusting for Spinoffs and Corporate Actions - Stock Spinoffs for step-by-step instructions and examples. This refers to principal payments made back to "capital owners" shareholders, partners or unit-holders that exceed the current and accumulated earnings and profits of a business or investment.
This corporate action will generally not affect the number of shares you hold. Brokers will report the amount of the return of capital distribution on Form DIV. Return of capital can occur for a variety of reasons. For example, a mutual fund may decide to distribute more than it has earned, in order to maintain a constant distribution even when income falls.
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In the case of a Real Estate Investment Trust REIT , income for tax purposes is often less than net cash flow due to capital cost allowance for depreciation on its properties. As a result, if the REIT distributes its entire net cash flow to unit holders, the distribution will exceed net income and a portion of it will be considered return of capital.